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Surgical treatment of nerve root compression and lumbar stenosis

Nerve root compression and lumbar stenosis can cause back pain. An orthopaedist who specialises in back surgery performs a thorough examination, so that the cause of the pain can be diagnosed at an early stage. 

Typical symptoms of lumbar stenosis and chronic nerve rot compression include pain in the lower limbs when walking, numbness in the legs and muscle weakness. The symptoms can appear on one or both sides of the body.

Based on the symptoms and the nature of the pain, an initial treatment plan focusing on adequate pain relief, physiotherapy and avoiding bed rest can be designed. It is important to try to move around as normally as possible. Prolonged sitting, a forward-leaning working posture and back strain can worsen the symptoms. Bed rest has not been proven to speed up recovery from sciatica, but of course a person who suffers from intense pain needs to rest.

Surgery may be necessary if conservative treatment does not bring the desired results. An MRI scan of the back can help determine the need for surgery. An MRI scan can, for instance, reveal spinal and root canal stenosis or spinal muscular atrophy.