Intravitreal injections for age-related macular degeneration
Age-related macular degeneration is a disease that affects the central area of the retina. There are two main types of age-related macular degeneration; these are known as dry and wet form. There is currently no treatment for dry macular degeneration. Wet macular degeneration is more serious than the dry form, but can be treated.
The most common symptoms of wet macular degeneration are rapid deterioration of central vision, distortion of lines, letters disappearing when you read and loss of colour vision. Wet macular degeneration is diagnosed by an eye specialist, with an OCT examination and/or fluorescent angiography.
Wet macular degeneration can be treated with intravitreal injections. The vitreous part of the eye is injected with small amounts of a medication that reduces harmful growth of blood vessels and swelling in the retina. The treatment usually requires several injections at 1-2-month intervals. Some patients experience an improvement in visual acuity during the treatment. Macular degeneration patients are advised to have their eyes examined regularly by a specialist. For injection treatment of age-related macular degeneration, we use the medications that are available on the market. The injection treatment is given in our eye care unit in Ruoholahti.
Make an appointment with an eye specialist by calling 09 7750 8160.
During the appointment, the eye specialist examines your eyes, performs any necessary further examinations, and draws up a treatment plan based on the results. An injection can usually be given during the appointment.
Before the injection is given, the pupil is widened with dilating eye drops. Numbing drops are used to anaesthetise the eye. You should set aside around 2 hours for each injection appointment. To prevent infection, the eye specialist will prescribe eye drops that you should use as instructed after the injection.
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