Gastrointestinal endoscopic examinations
We perform many gastrointestinal examinations, i.e. examinations of the digestive organs. Endoscopic examinations also provide opportunities to take biopsies, which can later be studied more carefully. The most common examinations are the following:
- Endoscopic examination of the esophagus, stomach and duodenum (gastroscopy) is the primary tool for diagnosing problems in the upper abdomen. The procedure is performed with a flexible endoscope, which is inserted through the mouth and used to examine the oesophagus, the stomach and the duodenum (i.e. the upper part of the small intestine). If necessary, biopsies are also taken. The procedure takes 5-15 minutes and is painless.
- Endoscopic examination of the colon (colonoscopy) is the primary tool for diagnosing diseases in the colon. A flexible endoscope is inserted through the anus and used to examine the rectum and the colon all the way to the caecum, and often also the first part of the small intestine. The procedure takes around half an hour and is usually painless.
- Endoscopic examination of the anus (proctoscopy) is a supplementary examination, which is, for instance, used in the treatment of hemorrhoids.
- Endoscopic examination of the rectum (rectoscopy) is an examination of the anus and rectum.
- Endoscopic examination of the lower part of the colon (sigmoidoscopy)
- During the above-mentioned examinations, procedures such as polyp or hemorrhoid removals can be performed through ligation (i.e. by tying off the polyp or hemorrhoid with a rubber band) or infrared coagulation, which is particularly suitable for treating small hemorrhoids.
Gastroscopy and colonoscopy procedures are generally considered very unpleasant, and some even find them frightening. However, after the procedure, most patients feel that the experience was not as unpleasant as they thought it would be.
If you are still very anxious about the procedure, we offer you the option of relaxing or sedative medication at our medical centre in Ruoholahti. There are two options: an intravenous muscle relaxant and painkiller administered by a nurse just before the examination, or a sedative (‘light anesthesia’) administered by an anesthesiologist. You do not need a separate referral for this. Just let us know that you want relaxing or sedative medication when making your appointment. Most occupational healthcare agreements cover the nurse-administered intravenous medication.
Apart from endoscopic examinations, we perform the following gastrointestinal examinations:
- Manometry (pressure measurement), which is used to study the function of the esophagus and the upper and lower oesophageal sphincters. The examination takes around 15 minutes and is not painful for the patient. The result is a pressure graph which describes the esophageal function.
- 24-hour esophageal pH monitoring, which is used to determine the severity of the patient’s reflux symptoms. The test measures the amount of acid reflux during the time of measurement and shows the connection between the reflux and the patient’s symptoms. The test is performed using a pH catheter, which is inserted into the oesophagus through the nostril.
- Anorectal manometry (pressure measurement), which is used to measure anal sphincter contractility and investigate bowel incontinence. It can also be used to determine the best treatment for a chronic anal fissure.
You will get the results from the physician who referred you to the test.
You need a doctor’s referral to undergo these gastrointestinal examinations.
When you have a referral, you can schedule an examination by calling 09 7750 800 or by directly contacting the medical centre where the examination will be performed.
Before you undergo an endoscopic examination, please take the time to familiarize yourself with the preparation instructions you are given by a nurse when making your appointment.
To get the results, please make an appointment or telephone appointment with the physician who referred you for the examination.
Airo IlariGastroenterological Surgeon, Surgeon
Lic. Med., Specialist in Gastroenterology and Surgery. Gastroscopy, colonoscopy, hernias, gall bladder, gastrointestinal surgeries, anal disorders, rubber band ligations (RBL)
Ehrlich AnuGastroenterological Surgeon
Specialist in General Surgery and Gastroenterological Surgery. Gastrointestinal endoscopies (gastroscopies, colonoscopies), gastrointestinal surgical prodedures, gastrointestinal surgical procedures, pelvic floor disorders, proctological disorders (hemorrhoids, ulcers), gallstones, umbilical hernia, incisional hernia
MD, Specialist in Internal Medicine and Gastroenterology. Gastroscopy, colonoscopy, functional gastrointestinal disorders
Iivonen MauriGastroenterological Surgeon, Surgeon
MD, Specialist in Surgery and Gastroenterological Surgery. Gastroscopy, colonoscopy, rubber band ligations (RBL), minor surgical procedures, hernia surgeries, gallstones
Kyhälä LeaGastroenterological Surgeon, Surgeon
Specialist in Gastroenterological Surgery. Inguinal hernia, umbilical hernia, ventral hernia, gallstones, endoscopic operations, sorting out stomach problems, gastroscopy, proctoscopy, rubber band ligations (RBL), anal fissures, minor surgical procedures
Specialist in General Surgery. Gastroscopy, colonoscopy, hemorrhoids, rubber band ligations (RBL), transanal hemorrhoidal dearterialization (THD), HAL-RAR procedures, hemorrhoid surgery, hernia surgery, inguinal hernia, umbilical hernia, endoscopic surgery, incisional hernia repair, gallstones, gastrointestinal disorders
MD, Docent of Gastroenterology, Specialist in Internal Medicine and Gastroenterology. Gastroenterology, hepatology, esophageal diseases, stomach diseases, intestinal diseases, infectious intestinal diseases (Colitis ulcerosa and Crohn's disease), liver diseases, acute and chronic hepatitis, virus diseases of the liver
MD, Docent in Internal Medicine, Specialist in Internal Medicine and Gastroenterology. Gastrointestinal diseases, gastrointestinal endoscopies
MD, Specialist in Gastroenterology and Internal Medicine. Gastroscopy, colonoscopy
Nylander OutiGastroenterological Surgeon
Specialist in Surgery and Gastroenterological Surgery. Gastrointestinal surgery, gastrointestinal endoscopies, hemorrhoids
Paavola-Sakki PaulinaGastroenterologist, Internist, General Practitioner
MD, Specialist in Gastroenterology and Internal Medicine. Gastroscopy, colonoscopy, rubber band ligations (RBL), infectious intestinal diseases (diagnosis, follow-up and treatment)
Pakkastie TimoGastroenterological Surgeon, Surgeon
MD, Specialist in Surgery and Gastroenterological Surgery. Stomach, hemorrhoids, hernia, gastrointestinal endoscopies, gastroscopy, colonoscopy, minor surgical procedures
Lic. Med., Specialist in Gastroenterology. Gastroscopy, colonoscopy, intestinal diseases, liver diseases, esophageal manometry
MD, Specialist in Gastroenterology and Internal Medicine. Hepatopathy, stomach diseases, intestinal diseases
Ritvaniemi PerttiGastroenterological Surgeon, Surgeon
MD, Specialist in Surgery and Gastroenterological Surgery. Gastrointestinal endoscopies, gastroscopy, colonoscopy, hemorrhoid treatments, minor surgical procedures
MD, Specialist in Gastroenterology. Gastroscopy, colonoscopy
Åberg FredrikGastroenterologist, General Practitioner
MD, Specialist in Gastroenterology. Gastroenterological disorders, hepatopathy, internal medicine, gastroscopy, colonoscopy