Cataracts, or clouding of the eye’s lens, develop differently in different individuals. They are typically connected to ageing, but can also appear at a young age in sufferers of certain diseases, such as diabetes. Prolonged cortisone treatment may cause cataracts in rheumatoid patients. Some people also have a hereditary predisposition for developing cataracts.
Age-related cataracts are cloudy areas in the eye’s lens. The formerly clear lens hardens and turns yellow and grey as the person ages. Over time, the cataracts start to impair vision. In most cases, cataracts are found in both eyes.
Cataracts usually develop slowly, over many years. Having cataracts can be compared to looking through dirty glasses or a foggy window.
The symptoms are:
- clouded and blurred vision
- problems reading
- problems watching TV
- impaired night vision
- being easily blinded by bright light
- changes in colour vision
There is no effective medication for cataracts. The only option is surgery, which we perform professionally and with experience in our eye care unit.